The End of Oulipo?

The End of Oulipo? My book (co-authored with Lauren Elkin), published by Zero Books. Available everywhere. Order it from Amazon, or find it in bookstores nationwide. The End of Oulipo

Lady Chatterley’s Brother

Lady Chatterley's Brother. The first ebook in the new TQC Long Essays series, Lady Chatterley's Brothercalled “an exciting new project” by Chad Post of Open Letter and Three Percent. Why can't Nicholson Baker write about sex? And why can Javier Marias? We investigate why porn is a dead end, and why seduction paves the way for the sex writing of the future. Read an excerpt.

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Translate This Book!

Ever wonder what English is missing? Called "a fascinating Life Perecread" by The New Yorker, Translate This Book! brings together over 40 of the top translators, publishers, and authors to tell us what books need to be published in English. Get it on Kindle.

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Naked Singularity

Summer Read: A Naked Singularity by Sergio De La Pava

Fans of Gaddis, Pynchon, DeLillo: A group read of the book that went from Xlibris to the University of Chicago Press. Info here. Buy the book here and support this site.

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Life A User's Manual by Georges Perec

Starting March 2011, read the greatest novel from an experimental master. Info here. Buy the book here and support this site.

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A 3-month read of Javier Marias' mammoth book Your Face Tomorrow

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Interviews from Conversational Reading

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See this page for interviews with leading authors, translators, publishers, and more.


  • Those Who Leave and Those Who Stay by Elena Ferrante September 16, 2014
    Few novelists have captured the rhythms and flow of life with the veracity of Elena Ferrante in her Neapolitan Novels. Following the friendship between Elena Greco and Lila Cerullo from childhood to old age, the tetralogy spans fifty years; over the course of that time, no emotion is too small, too dark, too banal to be recorded. No expense, so to speak, is […]
  • Trieste by Daša Drndić September 15, 2014
    As Drndić reiterates throughout the novel, “Behind every name there is a story.” And Haya Tedeschi’s story is draped in death. Born to a Jewish family that converted to Catholicism and tacitly supported the Fascists in Italy, Haya was a bystander to the Holocaust. She attended movies while Jews and partisans were transported to concentration camps; she pored […]
  • The Tree With No Name by Drago Jančar September 15, 2014
    At the opening of chapter 87—the first chapter found in The Tree with No Name—Janez Lipnik finds himself up a tree, shoeless, and lost in the Slovenian countryside. He makes his way to a house where he is taken in by a woman teacher who is waiting for her lover, a soldier. It becomes clear we are at the height of World War II. Soon after, we follow Lipnik […]
  • Kjell Askildsen, Selected Stories September 15, 2014
    Here, at the midpoint of his narrative, Bernhard, the affectless and purposeless protagonist of "The Unseen," experiences existential near-emancipation at dusk. This retreat toward obscurity in terse, direct language—thematic and stylistic markers of each work in the collection—comes immediately after Bernhard’s sister mentions her plans to enterta […]
  • Berlin Now by Peter Schneider September 15, 2014
    In his new book of essays, Berlin Now, Peter Schneider reveals himself as a gnarled Cold Warrior who has been stricken with many of the maladies common to his generation. With the specter of Communism exorcized, his new enemy is Islam. The book is a collection of short interlocking pieces introducing Anglophone readers to Berlin; it is not being published in […]
  • Paris by Marcos Giralt Torrente September 15, 2014
    In 1999, Marcos Giralt Torrente’s debut novel, Paris, was awarded the XVII Premio Herralde de Novela prize. Despite his success, it took fourteen years for Giralt’s work to appear in English, with the story collection The End of Love arriving in 2013. Now, this year sees the publication of two more books by Giralt: Paris, translated by Margaret Jull Costa, a […]
  • 10:04 by Ben Lerner September 15, 2014
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  • Theories of Forgetting by Lance Olsen September 15, 2014
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  • An Interview with Lance Olsen September 15, 2014
    The most substantial may be that innovative fiction knows what it is, that someone like me could define it in any productive way, that innovative fiction might somehow be one thing, or somehow consistent through time and space. None of these is the case. That’s exactly what I find most exciting about writing it, reading it, thinking about it. Innovative fict […]
  • The Ants by Sawako Nakayasu September 15, 2014
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Generosity Gets Dinged Again

Apparently it's not just the prose by also the science that's bad:

The Caspi results, reported in Science, were never neat. Children with two copies of the protective gene might suffer depression unrelated to painful events. And older studies conflicted with the new research. In Against Depression (2005), I wrote that the Science report had "raised eyebrows on a number of grounds," and I expressed doubts that the finding of absolute stress immunity would hold up.

When it came, the debunking was dramatic. In June of this year, scientists reviewing numerous studies for the Journal of the American Medical Association found no evidence that the serotonin gene offers stress protection or, indeed, any protection from depression.


Powers' book turns on the notion—now cast in doubt—that the right genes can make a person absolutely invulnerable to stress.

To be fair, some reviews have made the claim that the plausibility of the science isn't really a point in the book–that is, it just imagines a universe where this is true and goes from there.

The review also notes that the prose is bad as well:

Worse, despite the high-literary devices, Powers clings to the low-art techniques of genre fiction. Here, I should confess to a bête noire, intolerance for the method (I date it to Ian Fleming's naming of Gordon's Gin and Kina Lillet in James Bond's Vesper martini) of signaling a character's worth by cataloging his tastes in branded products

I'll also note that the review picks up on the same disregard for nuance that Wood elaborates in his piece. For a dissenting opinion, see John Domini's positive review in Bookforum, as well as Michael Orthofer's review.

More from Conversational Reading:

  1. James Wood’s Richard Powers Takedown I’m one of those people who has fallen off the Richard Powers bus. When I first read him I had a very favorable impression, but...
  2. Is Richard Powers Evan Dara? Novelists Richard Powers and Evan Dara are often grouped together because they both write lengthy, info-packed narratives that draw heavily from science. Some have even...
  3. Powers Speaks A few weeks ago, I posted an excerpt from an interview where Richard Powers explained that he creates his books not by writing, but by...
  4. Bizarre Creepy science meets art. Maybe Richard Powers could work it into his next novel. ...
  5. Fredric Jameson on Dystopia Inspired pairing at the LRB. Who will recount the pleasures of dystopia? The pity and fear of tragedy – pity for the other, fear for...

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6 comments to Generosity Gets Dinged Again

  • Strikes me as very weird to attack style on the basis that the writer is using so-called “low-art techniques”. This attitude seems to plague a lot of literary fiction reviews. I thought the divide between high and low had been shown, ages ago, to be a very silly one.

  • True, getting the science right isn’t the point, but in novels where the science is wrong, the science typically gets used crudely. Fictional scientific conclusions/analyses often are a little too neat and campy, and, to me anyway (I’m a geneticist), are very shallow compared to the messiness and ambiguity of real science. I haven’t read Generosity, but I found that the science was very mediocre in Echo Maker – it came across like a parody of science, not much like the real thing. Powers uses a lot of jargon, but doesn’t work very deeply with the concepts.
    Wood criticized Powers for always making his scientists talk like scientists. I don’t think they even talk like scientists.
    Working scientific themes into a novel is not simply about getting the facts right (or wrong) – it’s about going beyond jargon and superficial metaphors and working the scientific concepts more deeply into fiction. I’m not as widely read as any of you here, but one of the best at this that I’ve read is Pynchon. For example, he barely mentions General Relativity (or Einstein) in Against The Day, but he does amazing things with the concept and its historical precursors.

  • Hey Fausto,
    I think that was poor phrasing on the part of the writer. He meant to criticize such things as Powers’ characterization by the brands of products that a character buys, but I don’t think it was a dig at “low” art in general.
    Obviously that kind of technique has a correct time and place, but if I’m reading the review correctly the reviewer’s quibble was trying to use this kind of characterization in an ostensibly realist work, where there are better ways to characterize.

  • John Domini here, & I’m unfamiliar w/ this blog or the background of this discussion — rather, someone just steered me this way. But I do know literature & criticism, & I must point out that Wood’s piece in the NY’R bears glaring earmarks of bad reading, most esp. a mean-spiritedness. Note that he won’t give Powers credit for anything, that he trashes the man’s entire oeuvre, reducing dozens of characters & situations & conflicts to the narrowest sort of paradigm. Note also Wood’s insistence that a long-gone Classic like Thomas Hardy did it better (oh sure, the dead were *always* better), while ignoring the overwhelming differences of Hardy’s status, stories, century…
    Powers must be understood as a social novelist, fundamentally: reliant on research & verisimilitude to explore the challenges we live w/ now. In that mode, he’s one of the best this country ever had, demonstrating enormous invention & versatility in creating scenes & locating points of view, in order to dramatize. Pychon’s not really a good comp; Pynchon’s much more about alternative worlds. Powers uses science in the way it affects most ordinary citizens & the choices he or she has to make.
    W/ that in mind, GENEROSITY is a substantial departure for Powers, more rich w/ experiment than any previous novel, & intended to an extraordinary degree as a comedy. For what it’s worth, this novel was my favorite of the five of his I’ve read.

  • Hi John,
    Thanks for clarifying your views vis a vis Powers. I agree that Wood is often needlessly mean-spirited in his reviews . . . it’s unfortunate, and I doubt it does him much good.
    I hope you’ll check out the site, as I think there’s much you’ll like here. Also check out our affiliated magazine, The Quarterly Conversation: http://quarterlyconversation.com/

  • Scott, ciao,
    TQC is a fine place, one I’ve visited several times, & I’m glad to say so right here in the sunshine.
    You may recall that you & I corresponded briefly about my new novel A TOMB ON THE PERIPHERY.
    Thanks for asking, John

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